Policing in Nigeria deviates from normative expectations and it is done with little or no regard for procedural fairness (Alemika, 2010; Agbiboa, 2015; Akinlabi, 2015; Akinlabi, 2013). Public order maintenance is achieved at a great cost; mostly through intimidation, violence, lack of fair procedures, and subversion of people's rights (Agbiboa, 2015; Oluwaniyi, 2011). The consequences of such police actions are also very glaring. ...

... The police were totally alien to the customs and traditional values of the local people; as they were Hausa-speaking ex-slaves from Sierra Leone and non-indigenes of Lagos colony (Onyeozili, 1998; Ahire, 1991). This first foundation of policing ingrained in the citizens a police force that cannot be trusted and should be avoided at all cost (see Ahire, 1993; Alemika, 2010; Otu, 2012; Oluwaniyi, 2011). The burden of colonial policing was arbitrary subjugation of the cultural values of the people to the political and socioeconomic interests of the colonialists (Ahire, 1991; Tankebe, 2008).
The high-handedness of some officers during their daily routines sometimes result in police extra-judicial killings and this often leads to violent confrontations between the police and the public (Ojedokun, 2014). It is commonplace for members of the public to build up counterstroke and reprisal attacks on police officers or vent their frustration on police vehicles and stations, in response to perceived injustice from the police (Pratten, 2007; Oluwaniyi, 2011). They also act without decorum and momentarily become " lawless " , most especially when the Nigerian government take sides with the police (Smith, 2007).
Policing in Nigeria deviates from normative expectations and it is done with little or no regard for procedural fairness ( Agbiboa, 2015;Akinlabi, 2013Akinlabi, , 2015Alemika, 2010). Public order maintenance is achieved at a great cost; mostly through intimidation, violence, lack of fair procedures and through violating people's rights ( Agbiboa, 2015;Oluwaniyi, 2011). The potential consequences of such police actions are also alarming.
The police were totally alien to the customs and traditional values of the local people; as they were Hausa-speaking ex-slaves from Sierra Leone and non-indigenes of Lagos colony ( Ahire, 1991;Onyeozili, 1998). This first foundation of policing ingrained in the citizens a police force that could not be trusted and should be avoided at all cost (see Ahire, 1993;Alemika, 2010;Oluwaniyi, 2011;Otu, 2012). The burden of colonial policing was arbitrary subjugation of the cultural values of the people to the political and socio-economic interests of the colonialists ( Ahire, 1991;Tankebe, 2008). ...
The high-handedness of some officers during their daily routines sometimes result in police extra-judicial killings and this often leads to violent confrontations between the police and the public ( Ojedokun, 2014). It is commonplace for members of the public to build up counterstroke and reprisal attacks on police officers or to vent their frustration on police vehicles and stations, in response to perceived injustice from the police ( Oluwaniyi, 2011). They also act without decorum and momentarily become 'lawless', most especially when the Nigerian government take sides with the police ( Smith, 2007).
In the Nigerian context, it has become difficult to ignore the fact that corruption is not only a part of the government, but it is the object of government. This is why Oluwaniyi argues that " corruption has become a widespread phenomenon in Nigeria, deeply permeating into its social fabric to the extent that it has now become a way of life for the majority of people in both public and private spheres. " This extant hyper-corruptio in Nigeria is not just a social " canker " , but it reflects the decadence in the polity orchestrated by a lack of leaders with the ability to institute and enforce moral restraints.
Because of the fact that all forms of corrupt practices are present in Nigeria, many scholars have made it a bona fide topic of discourse in contemporary scholarship. Again, while many of these scholars have focused on the impact of corruption on political culture development and the economy, others have examined the prevalence of corruption in certain institutions or how to control the malaise Because of the fact that all forms of corrupt practices are present in Nigeria, many scholars have made it a bona fide topic of discourse in contemporary scholarship. Again, while many of these scholars have focused on the impact of corruption on political culture development and the economy others have examined the prevalence of corruption in certain institutions or how to control the malaise.
Furthermore, other non-Nigerian scholars have studied corruption in Nigeria. ...

 

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